Central Blood Bank

 

Blood Pressure

 

  • Blood pressure is the pressure exerted by circulating blood upon the walls of blood vessels.  During each heartbeat, blood pressure varies between a maximum (systolic) and a minimum (diastolic) pressure.
    • It decreases as the blood moves away from the heart though your arteries because of the heart’s pumping and bloods resistance to flowing in blood vessels.
  • Blood pressure is expressed in terms of systolic pressure over diastolic pressure (systolic/diastolic).
  • Normal blood pressure is usually around 120 over 80, or 120/80.
  • Hypotension, or low blood pressure, may mean inadequate blood flow to the heart, brain and other vital organs, particularly in the elderly.
  • Hypertension, or high blood pressure, can lead to heart attacks or heart failure, stroke and kidney failure.
    • Exercising regularly and quitting smoking are ways to lower blood pressure.
  • Donors must have blood pressure less than 180/100 and greater than 90/50.

For more information about blood pressure, click here.

 

Pulse

 

  • The pulse measures the number of heartbeats per minute.
  •  A normal pulse in adults is between 60 and 100 beats per minute.
  • Bradycardia means the heart beats slowly (fewer than 60 times a minute).
  • Tachycardia means the heart beats very fast (more than 100 times per minute).
  • Most donors are unable to donate blood with a pulse of more than 100 beats per minute or less than 50 beats per minute.

 

Temperature

 

  • Body temperature is a general reflection of many different body systems.
  • The average normal body temperature measured by a thermometer placed in the mouth is 98.6°F (37°C).
  • Oral temperatures of more than 100°F represent a fever, which can be brought on by infections, severe trauma, injury or other medical conditions.
  • Chronically low body temperature also may be a sign of illness.

 

 

Hemoglobin

 

  • Hemoglobin is the protein that carries oxygen in the blood.
  • The normal values are different for men and women, but both high and low hemoglobin levels may indicate disease.
    • Normal hemoglobin values for men: 13.0 – 17.2
    • Normal hemoglobin values for women: 12.1 – 15.1
  • Because of the potential health risk, donors are not allowed to donate if their hemoglobin level is lower than 12.5, for both men and women.

 

Cholesterol

 

  • Cholesterol is a waxy substance made in the liver.
  • The body needs only a small amount of cholesterol.
    • When too much is present, health problems such as heart disease may develop.
  • Diet, weight, exercise, age and heredity can impact cholesterol levels.
  • Total cholesterol level:
    •  Less than 199 mg/dl is desirable
    •  200-239 mg/dl is borderline high
    •  Greater than 240 mg/dl is high

         For more information about cholesterol, click here.

 

DISCLAIMER: As with all interpretation of medical tests, results are best interpreted by your physician and are meant to be a guide in determining underlying medical conditions and individually do not provide diagnosis.